Soap Making Instructions
Coconut Oil gives big, fluffy bubbles. Can later in sea water also. But this soap can be harsh on the skin, surprising because coconut oil is very soothing otherwise. If cheap coconut oil can do, then popcorn oil can used which is dyed yellow.
Very good fro skin is Olive oil which gives silky bubbles.
Ratio of different ingredients
Each oil/fat needs a different amount of Lye to produce soap.
The temperature of the fat needs to be a bit above it’s melting point. For Beef tallow it is 130 degrees F, for pork lard and other vegetable oils it is 85 degrees F and around that. Chemical reaction is quicker with temperature but it may end up into layers.
Tracing will take time if the oil/fat used is light It is 30-60 minutes for animal fats and may be days for the vegetable oils. It needs stirring every 15-20 minutes when the tracing is delayed.
False tracing happens when the temperature of the mix falls below the melting point. It is to be understood as the fat solidifying and not the soap, so it will be safe to keep the temperature around 115 degrees F.
A blender can make the fat molecules and the lye to mix well to reah the trace stage quickly. However, upright blenders can whip air bubbles into the soap. Hand held blenders will make even vegetable oils to trace in a couple of minutes.
If you don’t have a blender, please cook it. Wait till it cools before pouring it into a mold.
Making the soap attractive
With saponification at 90%, adding fat will make it softer. It cant be done at the beginning, because it will then end up as free oil/fat which is called superfatting.
Exotic oils (one ounce per pound) are used for such a purpose o have the desired qualities Avocado Oil is soft for skin and makes an excellent shaving soap. Cocoa butter makes a hard bar that does not lather.
Clays, mineral pigments and spices are the approved coloring agents. One can also color the soaps using a piece of crayon which are made with stearic acid, a type of fat. The acid saponifies into the soap leaving behind the pigment. The crayon is melted into the soap after it has traced because at the beginning it will make the lye change its color.
Half cup of traced soap needs to be heated to 150 degrees F to get it to the melting temperature of the crayon.Scenting Oils can be wither fragrance oils (FO) or essential oils(EO). EO's are better but are expensive and hard to find.
One can use flexible container for a mould.
Your soap should be around 7 pH value. So if it is higher than that, allow it to site for another week. As soon as lye sits properly, the pH will drop.
Don’t worry over the outer powdery layer because it will wash off after the first use. IT gets formed because of the carbon dioxide in the air reacting with the lye.
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