How to Make Homemade Soap
Soap making process
The ingredients are: 50 Ounces Olive Oil, 17 Ounces Coconut Oil, 18 Ounces Any All Vegetable Shortening, 11.5 Ounces Lye, 32 Ounces Soft Water. Temperature of Lye Water 95-98 degrees and Fats 95-98 degrees.
Adding the Lye to water will make the temperature rise to 250 degrees and their will be hot fumes. So while stirring try to be away, and this needs to be done the night before the soap has to be made.
Next day, heat a pan of water to boiling and put the lye water in it. The Glass thermometer needs to be put there to the specified temperature. Then the fats should be put in a pan and heated to specified temperature.
When correct temperature is attained with the lye water and fats, the fats is to be poured into a bowl and then the lye water is poured into fats with constant stirring for 15-20 minutes. Then with thorough stirring every 10-15 minutes until the soap traces, bring the spoon up over the liquid soap and drizzle some on top. If it sticks then it is to be poured in to the mould. This time one can add dried flowers, herbs, essential oils which has to be l completely mixed.
When the homemade soap is hand milled, it becomes harder and thus it will last longer after coming in contact with water. Homemade soaps are basically soft and remain so even after drying, also curls at times, change color and edges, and disappears fast when left at the bottom of the tub.
Hand milled soaps are amenable to all kinds of creativity in the processing of these bars. Adding pureed fruits or vegetables, herbs, grains, scents and colors is much easier to add into the milled soaps because the temperature gets much lower then the original.
Hand milling is adding more liquid to the already soap, but it works that way.
It needs grating up one pound of basic homemade soap. For beauty soaps a castile type is used otherwise, the straight lard/lye type for a hard cleaning milled soap can be used.
The grated soap can be put in a two quart sauce pan made of stainless steel or enamel. Then twelve ounces of rain water is added to the pot and stir. Weel water or spring water also will work. Cook this over a low flame very slowly, stirring often so that it doesn't scorch on the bottom. It will take about twenty minutes more or less to reach a nice steamy temperature of 160 degrees. The melted soap and water/honey/milk should be the consistency of a cake batter.
After that the pan can be removed from the stove and grains like cornmeal, oatmeal or bran should be added. Herbs, flowers, spices, scented oils and colorants can make it into a beautiful soap. It can be then put into greased soap molds.
After removing from the molds the drying and curing will take place by turning often which may take a month till they feel firm.
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